Monarchs in Australia: on the winds of a storm?
Clarke, Anthony R. & Zalucki, Myron P. (2004) Monarchs in Australia: on the winds of a storm? Biological Invasions, 6(1), pp. 123-127.
The monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus, is one of Australia’s best-known exotic butterflies, being first recorded here in the spring/summer of 1870/71. However, the source of the original population is unknown. Using historical records we suggest that the most likely source of the founder population was from Vanuatu and/or New Caledonia. Many almost simultaneous ‘first records’ for the butterfly in Australia suggest that a large, well-distributed population was present when first noticed. While such a population may have developed from a limited number of individuals flying across the Coral Sea, the well documented, very dramatic appearance of large monarch populations in Australia does not appear to fit this model. Rather, we hypothesise that large numbers of monarchs were carried to Australia on cyclonic winds: no fewer that 3 cyclones hit the Queensland coast in early 1870. If one or more of these cyclones tracked from the Vanuatu/New Caledonia chain, then they may have transported monarchs. Once established on the central/northern Queensland coast, natural migration would account for the appearance of butterflies further south.
Impact and interest:
Citation counts are sourced monthly from and citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||cyclones, Danaus plexippus, historic records, hurricanes, invasion biology|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > ZOOLOGY (060800) > Invertebrate Biology (060808)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The original publication is available at SpringerLink.|
|Deposited On:||11 Apr 2005 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:04|
Repository Staff Only: item control page