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Knowledge Structures of Prospectors, Analyzers, and Defenders: Content, Structure, Stability, and Performance

Kabanoff, Boris & Brown, Shane A. (2008) Knowledge Structures of Prospectors, Analyzers, and Defenders: Content, Structure, Stability, and Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 29(2), pp. 149-171.

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Abstract

The managerial cognition perspective argues that managers operating in complex, dynamic environments develop knowledge structures that help them focus their attention, interpretation, and actions. We explore the content and structure of top managers' strategic knowledge structures by measuring differences in the level of attention they give in annual reports to strategic issues and themes that Miles and Snow used to describe their main strategic types. Twenty-one themes that form seven main factors describing managers' strategic cognition are identified, and these demonstrate reasonable fit with the Miles and Snow model. We show that expert raters can recognize these factors when they read annual reports that contain them. Cluster analysis is then used to identify groups of firms that share similar profiles on these strategic dimensions which are interpreted as examples of cognitive strategic groups. These groups show alignment with Miles and Snow's strategic types, are relatively stable over time, and differ in financial performance. The sample comprises 1,038 listed Australian firms between the years 1992 and 2003.

Impact and interest:

39 citations in Scopus
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28 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 10118
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Keywords: Knowledge Structures, Strategic Cognition, Generic Strategies, Strategic Groups
DOI: 10.1002/smj.644
ISSN: 0143-2095
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Planning and Management (150312)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Business Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons
Deposited On: 08 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:43

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