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Behaviour and accidents in young children and adolescents

Williams, Gail, Najman, Jackob M., O'Callaghan, Michael, Bor, William, & Andersen, Margaret (1999) Behaviour and accidents in young children and adolescents. In McClure, Roderick (Ed.) Third National Conference on Injury Prevention and Control, 9-12 May 1999, Brisbane, Queensland.

Abstract

The Mater-University Study of Pregnancy recruited a cohort of 8,458 Brisbane women during pregnancy. Subsequent follow-ups of mother and child occurred a few days, 6 months, 5 years and 14 years after birth, with the collection of a wide range of biological, sociological and behavioural information as well as measures of mental and physical health. In anticipation of a further cohort follow-up (funded by CARRS-Q) aimed specifically at examining risk-taking behaviour and road crashes in young drivers, the present paper examines the relationship between child and adolescent behaviour and the occurrence of accidents. This indicates that children with behaviour problems, particularly social and attentional disorders at age 5 years are nearly twice as likely to have had an accident in the past three months. While there is some evidence of continuity of accident occurrence (27% of children whose mother’s reported an accident at age 5 years also were also reported to have had an accident requiring medical attention in the last year) this association was weak. Behaviour problems, as measured by the Child Services, police or Juvenile Aid Bureau at age 14 also predict accident occurrence at age 14. ‘Binge drinking’ (consumption of seven or more alcoholic drinks at a time), while rare in this sample (2%) was associated with a doubling of accident risk. The next phase of MUSP will involve administering a questionnaire focused on risk taking behaviour to adolescents, followed up by later record linkage to accident reports and medical records to obtain end-points of road crashes and accident morbidity.

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ID Code: 10141
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Affiliations of authors: Gail M. Williams, Jake M. Najman - University of Queensland Michael O'Callaghan - Mater Hospital, Queensland William Bor - Child Youth Mental Health Service, Royal Children's Hospital District, Queensland Margaret J. Andersen - University of Queensland Research was funded by the Road Accident Prevention and Road Safety Research Grant Scheme. For more information on this CARRS-Q initiative see http://www.carrsq.qut.edu.au/past_initiatives/grants.jsp
ISBN: 1864993782
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Developmental Psychology and Ageing (170102)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1999 (The authors)
Deposited On: 30 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 04:20

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