Thermal analysis of goethite. Relevance to Australian indigenous art
Differential scanning calorimetry shows two endotherms at 75 and 225 degrees Celsius for synthetic goethite. The latter endotherm is strongly asymmetric on the low temperature side. The endotherms were attributed to the loss of water and the dehydroxylation of the goethite. The temperature of the endotherms and the enthalpy of the phase change were found to be linear functions of the % of aluminium substitution into the goethite. High-resolution thermogravimetric analysis of goethite showed three weight loss steps, occurring at ~ 175, 196 and 263 degrees Celsius. The temperatures of these weight loss steps and the % weight loss were also linearly related to the degree of Al substitution. The use of infrared emission spectroscopy confirmed the temperature of dehydroxylation. The observation of the low temperature dehydroxylation of goethite and its relation to ancient aboriginal cave art is discussed.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||dehydration, dehydroxylation, goethite, haematite, differential scanning calorimetry, high, resolution thermogravimetric analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2003 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink|
|Deposited On:||13 Apr 2005|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 12:59|
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