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Effect of Y-TZP addition on the microstructure and properties of titania-based composites

Miao, Xigeng, Sun, Dandan, & Hoo, Pui Woon (2007) Effect of Y-TZP addition on the microstructure and properties of titania-based composites. Ceramics International, 35(1), pp. 281-288.

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Abstract

To maintain the bioactivity and improve the mechanical properties of titania, both pure titania ceramics and titania-yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) composites with 5, 10, and 15 vol% Y-TZP were prepared via a sol-gel precipitation method. A titania precursor (titanium butoxide) was mixed with a submicron-sized Y-TZP powder, followed by hydrolysis-condensation reactions, green compact forming, and sintering in air at 1200 degrees Celsius to 1350 degrees Celsius. It was found that the addition of Y-TZP resulted in reduced rutile titania grain size from 13 um to 3 um. The Y-TZP tetragonal phase also resulted in improved mechanical properties of the titania-Y-TZP composites. For instance, the titania-15vol%Y-TZP composite had a hardness value of 983 kg/mm2, a bending strength of 160 MPa, and a fracture toughness of 3.79 MPa.m0.5. While the addition of Y-TZP increased the mechanical properties, it also decreased the bioactivity of the composites.

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ID Code: 10285
Item Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2007.10.017
ISSN: 0272-8842
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Deposited On: 24 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013 11:50

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