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Changes in fat mass, fat-free mass and aerobic fitness in severely obese children and adolescents following a residential treatment programme

Vinaimont, Freddy, Deforche, Benedicte , De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse , Debode, Patrick , Hills, Andrew P., Verstraete, Stefanie, & Bouckaert, Jacques (2003) Changes in fat mass, fat-free mass and aerobic fitness in severely obese children and adolescents following a residential treatment programme. European Journal of Pediatrics, 162(9), pp. 616-622.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe changes in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and aerobic fitness in severely obese children and adolescents during residential treatment in the Medical Paediatric Centre Zeepreventorium. Treatment consisted of moderate dietary restriction, physical activity and psychological support. This study was a clinical observation of 20 severely obese children and adolescents (8 boys and 12 girls, aged 15.4±1.8 years) who completed the 10-month residential programme. Height, weight, FM, FFM and aerobic fitness was measured four times during the intervention: at baseline, 11 weeks, 24 weeks and at 33 weeks (at the end of the programme ). The mean decrease in level of overweight was 46% ( P <0.001), with a mean loss of 8.9% FM ( P <0.001). Submaximal performance (PWC150) improved from 123±35 Watt to 152±37 Watt ( P <0.001). Maximal performance levels increased (performance time: from 14±2.9 min to 15.3±3.5 min, peak power: from 186±38 Watt to 205±45 Watt, P <0.01) without an improvement in absolute O2 peak. Conclusion: a moderate dietary restriction in combination with physical activity and psychological support in severely obese children and adolescents is effective in decreasing body fat and improving physical performance. Further research is needed to evaluate the longer-term effects of such a programme.

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ID Code: 10347
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Aerobic fitness, Childhood obesity, Fat, free mass, Fat mass, Treatment
DOI: 10.1007/s00431-003-1247-2
ISSN: 0340-6199
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified (111199)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 23 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:13

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