Nighttime seatbelt non-use in serious crashes: A comparison of contributing factors in rural and urban areas of the United States and Queensland

Steinhardt, Dale A. & Watson, Barry C. (2007) Nighttime seatbelt non-use in serious crashes: A comparison of contributing factors in rural and urban areas of the United States and Queensland. In 2007 Road Safety: Research, Policing, Education Conference, 17-19th October, Melbourne.


The level of restraint wearing among the Australian driving population as a whole is consistently noted as being very high in relation to comparable nations such as the United States which do not uniformly have primary enforcable seatbelt legislation. Recent research from the U.S. has however noted differential restraint wearing rates on the basis of time of day and rurality, which are reflected strongly in increased representation in fatal road crashes. The current paper presents evidence from police-reported crashes in the U.S. and Queensland as well as data collected as part of the CARRS-Q Rural and Remote Road Safety Study that suggests a strong link between nighttime driving, rural location, and the involvement of drivers not using restraints in crashes. Narrative crash details collected as part of study participant interviews are used to provide additional information as to why injured persons chose not to use a restraint. Particular attention is given to those crashes in which it is known that occupants did not to wear a restraint while driving a short distance. The results are discussed in terms of suggested interventions to target increased seatbelt usage and to maximise the effect of limited available enforcement in rural areas.

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ID Code: 10554
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional Information: The contents of this conference can be freely accessed online via the conference’s web page (see hypertext link).
Additional URLs:
Keywords: road safety, seatbelt, belt, restraint, illegal behaviors, driving, drink driving, speeding, road conditions, CARRS, Q
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200) > Criminology not elsewhere classified (160299)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 (please consult author)
Deposited On: 02 Nov 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:34

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