y-Alumina Nanofibers Prepared from Aluminum Hydrate with Poly(ethylene oxide) Surfactant

Zhu, Huai Yong, Riches, James D., & Barry, John C. (2002) y-Alumina Nanofibers Prepared from Aluminum Hydrate with Poly(ethylene oxide) Surfactant. Chemistry of Materials, 14(5), 2086 -2093.

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Introducing poly(ethylene oxide) surfactant to aluminum hydrate colloids can effectively direct the crystal growth of boehmite and the crystal morphology of final -alumina crystallites. Fibrous crystallites of y-alumina about 3-4 nm thick and 30-60 nm long are obtained. They stack randomly, resulting in a structure with a low contact area between the fibers but with a very large porosity. Such a structure exhibits strong resistance to sintering when heated to high temperatures. A sample retains a BET surface area of 68 m2/g, after being heated to 1473 K. The surfactant molecules form micelles that interact with the colloid particles of aluminum hydroxide through hydrogen bonding. This interaction is not sufficient to change the intrinsic crystal structure of boehmite, but induces profound changes in the morphology of boehmite crystallites and their growth. The surfactant-induced fiber formation (SIFF) process has distinct features from templated synthesis but shows similarities in some respects to biomineralization processes in which inorganic crystals with complex morphological shapes can be formed in biological systems. SIFF offers an effective approach to create new nanostructures of inorganic oxide from aqueous media.

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ID Code: 11139
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: This article is freely available from the American Chemical Society website 12 months after the publication date. See links to publisher website in this record.
DOI: 10.1021/cm010736a
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 07 Dec 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2013 02:54

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