Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites (DRIP trial). A randomised controlled trial of hospital in-patients

Webster, Joan, Lloyd, Sophia, Hopkins, Tracey, Osborne, Sonya, & Yaxley, Maria (2007) Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites (DRIP trial). A randomised controlled trial of hospital in-patients. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(5), pp. 664-671.

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Background: There is currently no high grade evidence on which to base decisions about the frequency of intravenous cannula re-sites Objective: To assess the safety of changing peripheral venous cannulas when clinically indicated. Design: Randomised controlled trial Setting: A tertiary referral hospital in Brisbane, Australia Participants: 206 hospitalised patients from surgical, medical and orthopaedic wards Interventions: Peripheral intravenous cannulas were re-sited only when complications occurred (intervention group) or every 3 days (control group). Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was any unplanned cannula removal, the secondary outcome was cost. Results: Forty six patients had unplanned removals in the intervention group compared with 41 in the control group [relative risk 1.12, 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.55 (p = 0.286)], a non-significant difference. Total duration of peripheral cannulation was similar in both groups (mean 123.3 hours in the intervention group and 125.9 hours in the control group: P = 0.82) but significantly more re-sites occurred in the control group (167 in intervention group, 202 in the control group: p = 0.022). Cost of cannula replacements in the intervention group was AUD$3,183.62 and in the control group AUD$3,837.56 (p = 0.006). Conclusion: Re-siting peripheral venous cannulas when clinically indicated compared with changing them routinely every 3 days does not lead to more complications and reduces costs.

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31 citations in Scopus
26 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 11163
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Clinical trials, Cost and cost analysis, Infusions, intravenous
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.02.003
ISSN: 0020-7489
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 10 Dec 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:37

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