Issues on ITS and human factors interface
Rakotonirainy, Andry (2007) Issues on ITS and human factors interface. In 3rd Conference on Human Factors in Transport, 20-21 August, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. (Unpublished)
Each year 1.2 million people are killed and 50 million injured worldwide in traffic collisions (ECMT, 2006). Road traffic collisions cost an estimated US$ 518 billion globally in material, health and other expenditure (WHO 2007). Road crashes in Australia cost $17 billion each year. In Australia there are annually 600,000 reported road crashes, 200,000 reported injuries, 22,000 serious injuries requiring long-term care and treatment, and 1,700 people killed. Road crashes are the leading cause of unintentional injury-related death between the ages of 2 to 76. By 2020, predicted to be the third largest cause of death and disability worldwide (WHO 2000, NSC 2006).
ITS could reduce fatalities and injuries by 40% across the OECD saving over USD 270 billion per year (WHO 2004). Examples of ITS based interventions include alcohol interlock devices to prevent drink driving, and speed cameras to reduce speeding offences.
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