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Corneal confocal microscopy detects early nerve regeneration after pancreas transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes

Mehra, Sanjay, Tavakoli, Mitra, Kallinikos, Panagiotis A., Efron, Nathan, Boulton, Andrew J., Augustine, Titus, & Malik, Rayaz A. (2007) Corneal confocal microscopy detects early nerve regeneration after pancreas transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30(10), pp. 2608-2612.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) is a rapid, noninvasive, clinical examination technique that quantifies small nerve fiber pathology. We have used it to assess the neurological benefits of pancreas transplantation in type 1 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In 20 patients with type 1 diabetes undergoing simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) and 15 control subjects, corneal sensitivity was evaluated using noncontact corneal esthesiometry, and small nerve fiber morphology was assessed using CCM. RESULTS: Corneal sensitivity (1.54 +/- 0.28 vs. 0.77 +/- 0.02, P < 0.0001), nerve fiber density (NFD) (13.8 +/- 2.1 vs. 42 +/- 3.2, P < 0.0001), nerve branch density (NBD) (4.04 +/- 1.5 vs. 26.7 +/- 2.5, P < 0.0001), and nerve fiber length (NFL) (2.23 +/- 0.2 vs. 9.69 +/- 0.7, P < 0.0001) were significantly reduced, and nerve fiber tortuosity (NFT) (15.7 +/- 1.02 vs. 19.56 +/- 1.34, P = 0.04) was increased in diabetic patients before pancreas transplantation. Six months after SPK, 15 patients underwent a second assessment and showed a significant improvement in NFD (18.04 +/- 10.48 vs. 9.25 +/- 1.87, P = 0.001) and NFL (3.60 +/- 0.33 vs. 1.84 +/- 0.33, P = 0.002) with no change in NBD (1.38 +/- 0.74 vs. 1.38 +/- 1.00, P = 1.0), NFT (15.58 +/- 1.20 vs. 16.30 +/- 1.19, P = 0.67), or corneal sensitivity (1.23 +/- 0.39 vs. 1.54 +/- 00.42, P = 0.59). CONCLUSIONS: Despite marked nerve fiber damage in type 1 diabetic patients undergoing pancreas transplantation, small fiber repair can be detected within 6 months of pancreas transplantation using CCM. CCM is a novel noninvasive clinical technique to assess the benefits of therapeutic intervention in human diabetic neuropathy.

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ID Code: 11282
Item Type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.2337/dc07-0870
ISSN: 1935-5548
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optical Technology (111302)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 American Diabetes Association
Deposited On: 20 Dec 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:37

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