Submicrometer and Supermicrometer Particulate Emission From Spark Ignition Vehicles

Ristovski, Zoran, Morawska, Lidia, Bofinger, Neville D., & Hitchins, Jane (1998) Submicrometer and Supermicrometer Particulate Emission From Spark Ignition Vehicles. Environmental Science and Technology, 32(24), pp. 38-45.

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Abstract: Particulate emissions from 11 gasoline powered and 2 liquefied petroleum (LPG) powered passenger vehicles were characterised during the Accelerated Simulation Mode driving cycles on a chassis dynamometer. The test fleet consisted of 10 catalyst-equipped vehicles operated with unleaded gasoline (5 Ford Falcons and 5 Holden Commodores), 2 LPG powered vehicles (both Ford Falcons), and 1 older type noncatalyst vehicle operated with leaded gasoline. Particulate characterisation included determination of total particulate number concentration and size distribution using the Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and the Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS). The average particle number concentrations in the SMPS range for all modes was lower for Ford Falcons and somewhat higher for Commodores, with values of 1.5x104 and 4.1x104 cm-3, respectively. This difference is significant and was observed for all modes. The number concentration levels were higher for the LPG fuelled cars (8.4x104 cm-3) and for the leaded gasoline powered vehicle (7.9x105 cm-3). There was not a significant variation in particle count median diameter in the SMPS and the APS ranges, either for different operating conditions of the vehicles investigated, or between different vehicle groups. The observed size distributions were bimodal with average values of CMD ranged from 39.1 to 60.2nm in the SMPS range and from 0.9 to 1.4µm in the APS range. The results obtained from this study can be used as a first order estimation towards emission inventories for vehicle groups included in the investigations.

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ID Code: 1134
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: This article is freely available from the American Chemical Society website 12 months after the publication date. See links to publisher website in this record.
Keywords: submicron particles, petrol, exhaust, emissions
DOI: 10.1021/es980102d
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1998 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 17 Jan 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2011 01:58

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