Field restriction and vignetting in contact lenses with opaque peripheries
Carkeet, Andrew D. (1998) Field restriction and vignetting in contact lenses with opaque peripheries. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 81(4), pp. 151-158.
Background: Some previous researchers have shown empirically that visual fields can be restricted by contact lenses with opaque and semi-opaque peripheral zones. However, there has been no formal statement of the optical theory behind such restriction.
Methods: Calculations are made of fields of view with opaque periphery contact lenses, based on paraxial theory and meridional finite ray tracing in the Gullstrand-Emsley schematic eye.
Results: This analysis shows that paraxial theory is adequate for predicting 'half fields of full illumination' for ocular pupil diameters smaller than six millimetres, although paraxial estimates of ‘half total field’ can substantially underestimate those obtained by finite ray tracing for a wide range of ocular pupil sizes. Therefore finite ray tracing may be a more appropriate method of calculating half total field. 'Total field' will be smaller with smaller ocular pupils and smaller contact lens apertures. A clinical method is suggested for assessing total field with such contact lenses in situ. The analysis applied to opaque periphery contact lenses is extended to the semi-opaque periphery contact lenses used for cosmetic alteration of eye appearance.
Conclusion: Semi-opaque periphery contact lenses will decrease retinal illuminance most at regions outside those tested by previous empirical static perimetry studies.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.|
|Keywords:||opaque contact lenses, optics, vignetting, visual fields|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optical Technology (111302)
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 1998 Blackwell Publishing|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||21 Apr 2010 16:27|
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