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Corneal and refractive error astigmatism in Singaporean schoolchildren: a vector-based Javal's rule

Tong, Louis, Carkeet, Andrew D., Saw, Seang-Mei , & Tan, Donald (2001) Corneal and refractive error astigmatism in Singaporean schoolchildren: a vector-based Javal's rule. Optometry And Vision Science, 78(12), pp. 881-887.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Traditional approaches to Javal's rule do not use data from subjects with oblique astigmatism and have not been used to make predictions about subjects with oblique astigmatism. Vector approaches to analyzing refractive error can circumvent these problems. METHODS: Subjects were 993 Singaporean schoolchildren. We performed linear regression of refractive error astigmatism on corneal astigmatism, using J0 vectors to describe with-the-rule and against-the-rule astigmatism and J45 vectors to describe oblique astigmatism. RESULTS: We obtained the following statistically significant regression relationships: RJ0 = 0.931 x CJ0 - 0.276 and RJ45 = 0.638 x CJ45 + 0.010, where R and C denote refractive error astigmatism and corneal astigmatism, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our vector-based Javal's rule gives closer predictions of refractive astigmatism than the original Javal's rule and the simplified Javal's rule and can be applied in cases of corneal oblique astigmatism.

Impact and interest:

14 citations in Scopus
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11 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 11876
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: astigmatism, vectors, Javal’s rule
ISSN: 1040-5488
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Lippincott Williams Wilkins
Deposited On: 14 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 03:45

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