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Development of Vernier acuity in childhood

Carkeet, Andrew D., Levi, Dennis M., & Manny, Ruth E. (1997) Development of Vernier acuity in childhood. Optometry And Vision Science, 74(9), pp. 741-750.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To measure Vernier acuity and resolution development after 3 years of age. METHODS: Observers were 39 children with normal vision (aged 3 to 12 years), 10 adult observers with normal vision (aged 19 to 24 years), and 7 adults with amblyopia. Vernier acuity and resolution were measured using uncrowded static stimuli and a 3AFC psychophysical paradigm. Curve fitting was used to estimate A2, the age at which thresholds are twice asymptotic levels. RESULTS: Vernier acuity was hyperacute (i.e., finger than predicted from foveal cone size or spacing) in 3- to 4-year-old observers, but developed later (A2 = 5.6 +/- 1.5 years) than resolution acuity (A2 = 2.2 +/- 0.9 years). CONCLUSIONS: Children's Vernier thresholds are poorer than would be predicted solely from their decreased foveal photon capture. Therefore cortical immaturity may play a role in children's relative position acuity deficit. R/V ratios (resolution/Vernier thresholds) for the youngest age group are similar to those for adult nonstrabismic amblyopes, but better than for strabismic amblyopes.

Impact and interest:

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26 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 11881
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
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Keywords: Vernier acuity, hyperacuity, development, resolution, children, amblyopia, visual acuity
ISSN: 1040-5488
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1997 Lippincott Williams Wilkins
Deposited On: 14 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2010 03:14

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