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The cortical representation of gradient-adapted multiple-stimulus perimetry

Wild, John M., Wood, Joanne M., & Barnes, D.A. (1986) The cortical representation of gradient-adapted multiple-stimulus perimetry. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 6(4), pp. 401-405.

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Abstract

Some stimuli, if scaled in proportion to the reciprocal of inter ganglion cell receptive field separation (M-scaled) exhibit an isosensitivity profile. Perimetric profiles which are isosensitive across the extent of the normal visual field facilitate multiple stimulus perimetry and provide a convenient method for the detection of abnormality. The purpose of the investigation was to establish whether the stimulus diameters necessary to produce an isosensitive perimetric profile were scaled in proportion to M. Sensitivity profiles for a sample of 15 age-matched observers were obtained with the Friedmann VFA Mk II. The stimulus aperture diameters were then measured under 100 X magnification. The observed elliptical apertures, corrected for obliquity of viewing, plate thickness and distance from the eye were represented as diameters of circles possessing an equivalent area to that of the ellipse. The apparent diameters were then M-scaled relative to stimulus pattern h using the equations of Rovamo and Virsu (1979). An overestimation of the M-scaled diameters relative to the apparent diameters was noted which increased with eccentricity for all four cardinal meridians by a factor of up to 3.5 times. It is suggested that the over compensation indicates that the cortical representation of perimetric spot targets at low photopic adaptation levels depends not only upon retinal ganglion cell density but also upon the variation of ganglion cell characteristics with eccentricity. The implications of this finding for perimetric instrument design are discussed.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 11905
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.1986.tb01160.x
ISSN: ISBN 0275-5408
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1986 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Deposited On: 14 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2010 03:10

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