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Effect of visual impairment on driving

Wood, Joanne M. & Troutbeck, Rodney J. (1994) Effect of visual impairment on driving. Human Factors, 36(3), pp. 476-487.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect on driving of restricting vision. This was undertaken by comparing the driving performance of young, normal subjects under conditions of simulated visual impairment with a baseline condition. Visual impairment was simulated using goggles designed to replicate the effects of cataracts, binocular visual field restriction, and monocular vision. All subjects had binocular visual acuity greater than 6/12 when wearing the goggles and thus satisfied the visual requirements for a driver's license. Driving performance was assessed on a closed-road circuit for a series of driving tasks including peripheral awareness, maneuvering, reversing, reaction time, speed estimation, road position, and time to complete the course. Simulated cataract resulted in the greatest detriment to driving performance, followed by binocular visual field restriction. The monocular condition did not significantly affect driving performance for any of the driving tasks assessed.

Impact and interest:

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55 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 11941
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Self-archiving of the author-version is not yet supported by this publisher. For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
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ISSN: 0018-7208
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1994 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Deposited On: 16 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2010 02:27

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