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Comparison of driving performance of young and old drivers (with and without visual impairment) measured during in-traffic conditions

Wood, Joanne M. & Mallon, Kerry L. (2001) Comparison of driving performance of young and old drivers (with and without visual impairment) measured during in-traffic conditions. Optometry And Vision Science, 78(5), pp. 343-349.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether visual impairment and age affected driver performance and safety rated during in-traffic driving conditions. METHODS: Participants included 30 younger, 25 middle-aged, and 35 older subjects with normal vision and 47 older subjects with visual impairment. All subjects were legally eligible to drive. Driving performance was assessed during in-traffic conditions by a professional driving instructor and an occupational therapist using specific scoring criteria. RESULTS: Group allocation significantly affected driving performance as assessed by the driving instructor and occupational therapist (p < 0.05). The driving instructor and occupational therapist scores were highly correlated (r = 0.76). Of the drivers who were scored as being unsafe, all were older and the majority (75%) had visual impairment. DISCUSSION: Older drivers with or without visual impairment were rated as being less safe than the younger and middle-aged drivers with normal vision.

Impact and interest:

38 citations in Scopus
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33 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 11971
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: older drivers, visual impairment, driving assessment, open road
ISSN: 1040-5488
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Deposited On: 16 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 01:57

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