Comparison of driving performance of young and old drivers (with and without visual impairment) measured during in-traffic conditions
Wood, Joanne M. & Mallon, Kerry L. (2001) Comparison of driving performance of young and old drivers (with and without visual impairment) measured during in-traffic conditions. Optometry And Vision Science, 78(5), pp. 343-349.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether visual impairment and age affected driver performance and safety rated during in-traffic driving conditions. METHODS: Participants included 30 younger, 25 middle-aged, and 35 older subjects with normal vision and 47 older subjects with visual impairment. All subjects were legally eligible to drive. Driving performance was assessed during in-traffic conditions by a professional driving instructor and an occupational therapist using specific scoring criteria. RESULTS: Group allocation significantly affected driving performance as assessed by the driving instructor and occupational therapist (p < 0.05). The driving instructor and occupational therapist scores were highly correlated (r = 0.76). Of the drivers who were scored as being unsafe, all were older and the majority (75%) had visual impairment. DISCUSSION: Older drivers with or without visual impairment were rated as being less safe than the younger and middle-aged drivers with normal vision.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.|
|Keywords:||older drivers, visual impairment, driving assessment, open road|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research|
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Deposited On:||16 Jan 2008|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 01:57|
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