Perspectives of patients with type 2 diabetes following a critical cardiac event – an interpretative approach

Wu, Chiung-Jung, Chang, Anne M., & McDowell, Jan K. (2008) Perspectives of patients with type 2 diabetes following a critical cardiac event – an interpretative approach. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(5a), pp. 16-24.

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Aim. This study aimed to gain in-depth understanding of the actual hospital and home experience of patients with diabetes and a critical cardiac event to assist in developing a pertinent diabetes self-management programme.

Background. Type 2 diabetes can lead to cardiac complications requiring critical nursing care. Patients with diabetes and a history of cardiac disease are at greater risk of a further cardiac event. Greater self-efficacy or confidence in regulating diabetes and reducing the risk of a further cardiac event can be achieved through self-management programmes. However, the start of such a programme within the critical care environment presents challenges to critical care staff. It is important to understand patients’ experiences and needs to improve quality of care.

Design. An interpretive approach comprising open-ended interviews was used to collect data from patients with type 2 diabetes experiencing a cardiac event who had a coronary care unit admission in 2002–2003.

Findings. The findings revealed that patients with diabetes who had a critical cardiac event experienced considerable feelings of hopelessness and fatigue. Patients also had concerns in the areas of self-confidence and confidence in health professionals. Patients indicated that greater self-confidence and confidence in health professionals would help their ability to manage their daily lives.

Conclusion. This paper provides in-depth understanding of the perspectives of patients with type 2 diabetes who have also been hospitalized for a critical cardiac event. This study concluded that further research is needed to fully explore whether enhancing self-confidence for these patients will lead to improved diabetes management, reduced negative feelings and more positive health outcomes.

Relevance to clinical practice. The themes identified in this study provide direction and strategies for nursing staff to improve patients’ confidence levels and reduce their feelings of hopelessness and fatigue.

Impact and interest:

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8 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 12062
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Keywords: Cardiac, Coronary Care Unit, Diabetes, Interpretive, Perspectives
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01926.x
ISSN: 0962-1067
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at
Deposited On: 17 Jan 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 03:30

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