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Regression of corneal topography changes following reading

Collins, Michael J., Kloevekorn-Norgall, Kristian, Voetz, Stephanie C., & Buehren, Tobias F. (2004) Regression of corneal topography changes following reading. In Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Meeting, 2004.

Abstract

Purpose

Reading causes the corneal shape to change. We studied the time course of recovery of corneal topography changes following various periods of reading.

Methods

Six young subjects with normal ocular health were recruited for the study. Experiments were conducted early in the morning on four separate days and the subjects were instructed to perform no significant reading tasks prior to the experiment. At each session, baseline corneal shape was measured by taking six videokeratographs and averaging the maps. The subject then read a novel for 10, 30, 60 or 120 mins. Following the reading task, videokeratoscopy was measured at 17 pre–defined time intervals up to 3 hrs following the reading task. Six videokeratographs were acquired at each of these time points during the recovery phase and later averaged. During the recovery period the subjects were not permitted to perform any intensive reading or near work. Analysis took the form of comparison of the corneal topography pre–reading versus post–reading during the recovery phase.

Results

All six subjects showed statistically significant changes in the cornea immediately following all four reading conditions (10 to 120 mins). In the corneal region corrsponding to the position of the upper lid margin, the group average maximum change in local refractive power was 0.94 D (+/–0.44) for the 120 min reading condition, 0.64 D (+/–0.31) for the 60 min condition, 0.60 D (+/–0.28) for the 30 min condition and 0.44 D (+/–0.42) for the 10 min reading condition. A one–way repeated measures ANOVA showed that the regression of corneal power over time was highly significant for all conditions (p=0.001). Plotting the regression of corneal power following reading showed a rapid recovery of shape following all 4 reading conditions during the initial 10 mins, with a subsequent slow recovery phase. As a generalization of the regression trends, we found that the topography was almost completely recovered to pre–reading shape after as many minutes as the subject had previously been reading. For example, 120 mins of reading required approximately 120 mins for full corneal shape recovery.

Conclusions

Corneal topography and optics change following reading and the magnitude of the changes are related to the length of time spent reading. The regression of these changes have an initial rapid phase of approximately 10 mins followed by a slower recovery phase.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 12135
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Additional Information: abstract published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 45, p. 2752.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: myopia, cornea, clinical science, optical properties
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optical Technology (111302)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Deposited On: 21 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2014 15:03

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