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Accommodation and spherical aberration

Collins, Michael J., Goode, Andrew, & Atchison, David A. (1997) Accommodation and spherical aberration. In Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 1997 Annual Meeting, 11-16 May 1997, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

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Abstract

Purpose

The accommodation response to changing levels of longitudinal spherical aberration (LSA) was measured. The LSA of the eye is known to change from positive to negative as the level of accommodation of the eye increases. However little is known about the effect of these changes in spherical aberration on the overall accommodation response.

Methods

The existing monochromatic aberrations of three young subjects were measured using the objective aberroscope procedure across a range of accommodation levels. LSA was induced through the use of aspheric surface, rigid contact lenses (in-air) positioned over a 5mm aperture at a distance of 12mm from the eye. Seven levels of LSA were induced ranging from -3D and +3D of LSA. The subjects viewed a high contrast Maltese cross with the right eye at distances of 33cm and 67cm in photopic conditions. Measurements of accommodation level for each LSA condition were made from the left (occluded) eye using the Canon Autoref R-1, a free-space objective infra-red optometer.

Results

For the three subjects who were tested, negative LSA caused an increased accommodation response and positive LSA a decreased accommodation response. Pooling the data across subjects and test distances, a linear regression on induced LSA versus accommodation response gave: Accommodation response (D) = 0.23 – 0.25 LSA (D) (r2 = 0.90). Therefore for every 1D of LSA there was approximately 0.25D of accommodation response. Some individual variations occurred and there was some apparent flattening of the slope at the extremes of induced LSA.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that the accommodation response of the eye will be influenced by the natural changes in spherical aberration of the eye associated with accommodation and by optical corrections of the eye which induce spherical aberration.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 12208
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Abstract published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 38(4), pp. 1013
Additional URLs:
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optical Technology (111302)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1997 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Deposited On: 25 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2014 05:30

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