Chimeric vitronectin:insulin-like growth factor proteins enhance cell growth and migration through co-activation of receptors
Van Lonkhuyzen, Derek R., Hollier, Brett G., Shooter, Gary K., Leavesley, David I., & Upton, Zee (2007) Chimeric vitronectin:insulin-like growth factor proteins enhance cell growth and migration through co-activation of receptors. Growth Factors, 25(5), pp. 295-308.
Complexes comprised of IGF-I, IGF-binding proteins and the ECM protein vitronectin (VN) stimulate cell migration and growth and can replace the requirement for serum for the ex vivo expansion of cells, as well as promote wound healing in vivo. Moreover, the activity of the complexes is dependent on co-activation of the IGF-I receptor and VN-binding integrins. In view of this we sought to develop chimeric proteins able to recapitulate the action of the multiprotein complex within a single molecular species. We report here the production of two recombinant chimeric proteins, incorporating domains of VN linked to IGF-I, which mimic the functions of the complex. Further, the activity of the chimeric proteins is dependent on co-activation of the IGF-I- and VN-binding cell surface receptors. Clearly the use of chimeras that mimic the activity of growth factor:ECM complexes, such as these, offer manufacturing advantages that ultimately will facilitate translation to cost-effective therapies.
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