A thermogravimetric and infrared emission spectroscopic study of alunite
Thermogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric analysis has been used to characterise alunite of formula [K2(Al 3+)6(SO4)4(OH)12 ]. Thermal decomposition occurs in a series of steps (a) dehydration up to 225 °C (b) well defined dehydroxylation at 520 degrees Celsius and desulphation which takes place as a series of steps at 649, 685 and 744 degrees Celsius.
The alunite minerals were further characterised by infrared emission spectroscopy (IES). Well defined hydroxyl stretching bands at around 3463 and 3449 cm-1 are observed. At 550 degrees Celsius all intensity in these bands is lost in harmony with the thermal analysis results. OH stretching bands give calculated hydrogen bond distances of 2.90 and 2.84-7 Å. These hydrogen bond distances increase with increasing temperature. Characteristic (SO4)2- stretching modes are observed at 1029.5, 1086 and 1170 cm-1. These bands shift to lower wavenumbers on thermal treatment. The intensity in these bands is lost by 550 degrees Celsius.
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||alunite, natroalunite, ammonioalunite, jarosite, Raman spectroscopy, sulphate|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2008 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:48|
Repository Staff Only: item control page