Explicit Modelling of Session Variability for Speaker Verification
This article describes a general and powerful approach to modelling mismatch in speaker recognition by including an explicit session term in the Gaussian mixture speaker modelling framework. Under this approach, the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) that best represents the observations of a particular recording is the combination of the true speaker model with an additional session-dependent offset constrained to lie in a low-dimensional subspace representing session variability.
A novel and efficient model training procedure is proposed in this work to perform the simultaneous optimisation of the speaker model and session variables required for speaker training. Using a similar iterative approach to the Gauss–Seidel method for solving linear systems, this procedure greatly reduces the memory and computational resources required by a direct solution.
Extensive experimentation demonstrates that the explicit session modelling provides up to a 68% reduction in detection cost over a standard GMM-based system and significant improvements over a system utilising feature mapping, and is shown to be effective on the corpora of recent National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Speaker Recognition Evaluations, exhibiting different session mismatch conditions.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Automatic speaker verification, Session variability|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2008 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||25 Feb 2008|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:45|
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