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Explicit Modelling of Session Variability for Speaker Verification

Vogt, Robert J. & Sridharan, Sridha (2008) Explicit Modelling of Session Variability for Speaker Verification. Computer Speech & Language, 22(1), pp. 17-38.

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Abstract

This article describes a general and powerful approach to modelling mismatch in speaker recognition by including an explicit session term in the Gaussian mixture speaker modelling framework. Under this approach, the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) that best represents the observations of a particular recording is the combination of the true speaker model with an additional session-dependent offset constrained to lie in a low-dimensional subspace representing session variability.

A novel and efficient model training procedure is proposed in this work to perform the simultaneous optimisation of the speaker model and session variables required for speaker training. Using a similar iterative approach to the Gauss–Seidel method for solving linear systems, this procedure greatly reduces the memory and computational resources required by a direct solution.

Extensive experimentation demonstrates that the explicit session modelling provides up to a 68% reduction in detection cost over a standard GMM-based system and significant improvements over a system utilising feature mapping, and is shown to be effective on the corpora of recent National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Speaker Recognition Evaluations, exhibiting different session mismatch conditions.

Impact and interest:

43 citations in Scopus
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32 citations in Web of Science®

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Full-text downloads:

572 since deposited on 25 Feb 2008
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ID Code: 12631
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Automatic speaker verification, Session variability
DOI: 10.1016/j.csl.2007.05.003
ISSN: 0885-2308
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 25 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:45

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