The evolution of the creative industries – Creative clusters, creative citizens and social network markets

Hartley, John (2007) The evolution of the creative industries – Creative clusters, creative citizens and social network markets. In Creative Industries Conference, Asia-Pacific Weeks, September 2007, Berlin. (Unpublished)


This paper traces the evolution of the concept of the creative industries, arguing that it has transformed via three phases. The first phase, of creative clusters, is the one made famous by the DCMS definition in the UK – a dozen or so 'industries' including advertising, film & TV, software, publishing and design, whose outputs are creative. The second phase, creative services, foregrounds the contribution of creative inputs into other services, from health and government to tourism and education. The third phase, creative citizens, emphasises consumer co-creation, user-led innovation and iterative improvement by community input. It has been accelerating as Web 2.0 increasing the ubiquity, affordability and flexibility of internet affordances.

Impact and interest:

Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

2,487 since deposited on 17 Apr 2008
61 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 12647
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Divisions: Past > Research Centres > ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 John Hartley
Deposited On: 17 Apr 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 12:56

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page