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Olympic Lightweight and Open-Class Rowers Possess Distinctive Physical and Proportionately Characteristics

Kerr, Deborah A., Ross, W. D., Norton, Kevin, Hume, Patricia, & Kagawa, Masaharu (2007) Olympic Lightweight and Open-Class Rowers Possess Distinctive Physical and Proportionately Characteristics. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(1), pp. 43-53.

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Abstract

Rowers competing at the 2000 Olympic Games were measured for 38 anthropometric dimensions. The aim was to identify common physical characteristics that could provide a competitive advantage. The participants included 140 male open-class rowers, 69 female open-class rowers, 50 male lightweight rowers, and 14 female lightweight rowers. Body mass, stature, and sitting height were different (P < 0.01) between the open-class and lightweight rowers, as well as a comparison group of healthy young adults ("non-rowers", 42 males, 71 females), for both sexes. After scaling for stature, the open-class rowers remained proportionally heavier than the non-rowers, with greater proportional chest, waist, and thigh dimensions (P < 0.01). Rowers across all categories possessed a proportionally smaller hip girth than the non-rowers (P < 0.01), which suggested the equipment places some constraints on this dimension. Top-ranked male open-class rowers were significantly taller and heavier and had a greater sitting height (P < 0.01) than their lower-ranked counterparts. They were also more muscular in the upper body, as indicated by a larger relaxed arm girth and forearm girth (P < 0.01). For the male lightweight rowers, only proportional thigh length was greater in the best competitors (P < 0.01). In the female open-class rowers, skinfold thicknesses were lower in the more highly placed competitors (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the rowers in this sample demonstrated distinctive physical characteristics that distinguish them from non-rowers and other sports performers.

Impact and interest:

17 citations in Scopus
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14 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 12753
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Anthropometry, body composition, Olympic rowers, proportionality
DOI: 10.1080/02640410600812179
ISSN: 0264-0414
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Sports Sciences 25(1):pp. 43-53. Journal of Sports Sciences is available online at informaworldTM http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713721847
Deposited On: 15 May 2008
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:37

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