Music, scent and time preferences for waiting lines
McDonnell, John J. (2007) Music, scent and time preferences for waiting lines. International Journal of Bank Marketing, 25(4), pp. 223-237.
Waiting for service by customers is an important problem for many financial service marketers. Two new approaches are proposed. First, customer evaluation of the service is increased with an ambient scent. Second a cognitive variable is identified which differentiates customers by the way they value time so that they can be segmented.
Pretests included focus groups which highlighted financial services and a pilot test were followed by a main sample of 607 subjects. Structural equation modelling and multivariate analysis of covariance were used for analysis.
A cognitive variable, the need for time management can be used, together with demographic and customer net worth data, to segment a customer base. Two environmental interventions, music and scent, can increase customer satisfaction among customers kept waiting in a line.
Two original approaches to a rapidly growing service marketing problem are identified.
Service contact points can reduce incidence of "queue rage" and enhance customer satisfaction by either or both of two simple modifications to the service environment or a preventive strategy of offering targeted customers an alternative.
A new method of segmentation and a new environmental intervention are proposed.
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > MARKETING (150500) > Marketing not elsewhere classified (150599)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School|
Current > Schools > School of Advertising, Marketing & Public Relations
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2007 Emerald Publishing|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||06 Mar 2008|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:36|
Repository Staff Only: item control page