The 1:1 proton-transfer compounds of 4-(phenyldiazenyl)aniline (aniline yellow) with 3-nitrophthalic, 4-nitrophthalic and 5-nitroisophthalic acids

Smith, Graham, Wermuth, Urs D., Young, David J., & White, Jonathan M. (2008) The 1:1 proton-transfer compounds of 4-(phenyldiazenyl)aniline (aniline yellow) with 3-nitrophthalic, 4-nitrophthalic and 5-nitroisophthalic acids. Acta Crystallographica. Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, C64(3), o123-o127.

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The structures of the anhydrous 1:1 proton-transfer compounds of the dye precursor aniline yellow [4-(phenyldiazenyl)aniline], namely isomeric 4-(phenyldiazenyl)anilinium 2-carboxy-6-nitrobenzoate, C12H13N3+. C8H4NO6-, (I), and 4-(phenyldiazenyl)anilinium 2-carboxy-4-nitrobenzoate, C12H13N3+. C8H4NO6-, (II) and 4-(phenyldiazenyl)anilinium 3-carboxy-5-nitrobenzoate monohydrate, C12H13N3+. C8H4NO6-. H2O, have been determined at 130 K. In (I), the cation has longitudinal rotational disorder. All three compounds have substructures comprising backbones formed through strong head-to-tail carboxyl-carboxylate hydrogen-bond interactions [graph set C(7) in (I) and (II) and C(8) in (III)]. Two-dimensional sheet structures are formed in all three compounds by the incorporation of the 4-(phenyldiazenyl)anilinium cations into the substructures, including, in the cases of (I) and (II), infinite N-H-N to O-C-O group interactions [graph set C(6)], and with (III), bridging through the water molecule of solvation. The peripheral alternating aromatic ring residues of both cations and anions give only weakly pi-interactive step features which lie between the sheets.

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ID Code: 12928
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: aniline yellow, crystal structure, proton, transfer compounds
DOI: 10.1107/S0108270108001595
ISSN: 0108-2701
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 International Union of Crystallography
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 07 Mar 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:51

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