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Institutional Logics: Gender and Business Creation Across 28 Countries

Elam, Amanda & Terjesen, Siri A. (2007) Institutional Logics: Gender and Business Creation Across 28 Countries. In Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC), June 2007, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Building on theories of practice, cultural difference and institutional welfare regimes, we explore how gendered entrepreneurship rates are affected by both soft (values, beliefs, and expectations) and hard (institutionalized norms and practices) measures of culture. Using 2001 GEM data, we examine how institutional arrangements related to women’s employment (role of occupational segregation, gender wage inequality, female business leadership and public childcare support) interact with individual-level perceptions in ways that increase women's start-up across thirteen countries. Results suggest that gender wage inequality has a direct effect on the decision to start a business, while industry structure and the presence of childcare may influence the decision to start a business indirectly through perceptions and gender.

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ID Code: 12934
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Institutional Logics, Gender, Business Creation
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Business and Management not elsewhere classified (150399)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Business Research
Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 (please consult author)
Deposited On: 10 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2011 23:35

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