The Capital Complex : Beijing's New Creative Clusters

Keane, Michael A. (2009) The Capital Complex : Beijing's New Creative Clusters. In Kong, Lily & O'Connor, Justin (Eds.) Creative Economies, Creative Cities: Asia-European Perspectives. Springer, New York, pp. 77-95.

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This essay begins with a brief discussion of how the idea of creative industries has provided the impetus for a new phase of cultural infrastructure construction in Beijing. I then contextualise these developments with an abridged history of the city from the time it became the imperial capital in 1420. A walled city of four separate enclosures during Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, by the 1950s Beijing had transformed into a sprawling city of industrial districts. The economic reform period which began in 1979 saw a transition from Maoist revolutionary class struggle to a pragmatic model of economic reconstruction and modernisation under Deng Xiaoping. An ensuing boom in development led to a surge in urban migration, putting further pressure on infrastructure. During the mid-1980s several of China's large cities, notably Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Tianjin and Beijing began to compete with each other, attempting to lure international investment. Beijing assumed a capital complex; not only was it the centre of political power, it saw itself as the cultural centre of the new China.

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ID Code: 13015
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: For more information about this book please refer to the publisher's website (see link) or contact the author.
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Keywords: Beijing, creative clusters, innovation
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9949-6_6
ISBN: 9781402099489
ISSN: 0924-5499
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > SOCIOLOGY (160800) > Social Change (160805)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Deposited On: 14 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2013 05:37

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