Fused HMM-adaptation of multi-stream HMMs for audio-visual speech recognition

Dean, David B., Lucey, Patrick J., Sridharan, Sridha, & Wark, Timothy J. (2007) Fused HMM-adaptation of multi-stream HMMs for audio-visual speech recognition. In 8th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2007), August 27 - 31, 2007, Antwerp.


A technique known as fused hidden Markov models (FHMMs) was recently proposed as an alternative multi-stream modelling technique for audio-visual speaker recognition. In this paper we show that for audio-visual speech recognition (AVSR), FHMMs can be adopted as a novel method of training synchronous MSHMMs. MSHMMs, as proposed by several authors for use in AVSR, are jointly trained on both the audio and visual modalities. In contrast our proposed FHMM adaptation method can be used to adapt the multi-stream models from single-stream audio HMMs, and in the process, better model the video speech in the final model when compared to jointly-trained MSHMMs. By experiments conducted on the XM2VTS database we show that the improved video performance of the FHMM-adapted MSHMMs results in an improvement in AVSR performance over jointly-trained MSHMMs at all levels of audio noise, and provide significant advantage in high noise environments.

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ID Code: 13351
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: audio, visual speech recognition, fused hidden Markov models, multi, stream hidden Markov models
ISSN: 1990-9772
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100) > Natural Language Processing (080107)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 (please consult author)
Deposited On: 22 Apr 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2013 06:41

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