Should all steps count when using a pedometer as a measure of physical activity in older adults?

Marshall, Alison L. (2007) Should all steps count when using a pedometer as a measure of physical activity in older adults? Journal of Physical Activity and Health (JPAH), 4(3), pp. 305-314.


AIM: Does feedback on step counts from a pedometer encourage participants to increase walking?

METHODS: Randomly recruited older adults (n=105) were asked to wear a pedometer for 2-weeks. Half the participants were asked to monitor and record daily step counts during week one (feedback), then seal the pedometer shut during week two (no-feedback). Half completed the study in reverse order. Self-reported walking was assessed via telephone interviews.

RESULTS: Significantly more steps were recorded per day (approximately 400 steps per day) when participants (n=103, 63% women; mean BMI 25±4) monitored their daily step count (t (102) = -2.30, p=0.02) compared to the no-feedback condition. There was no statistically significant difference in self-reported walking (p=0.31) between feedback conditions.

CONCLUSION: The difference in daily step counts observed between conditions, whilst statistically significant, may not be considered clinically significant. Further, the non-significant difference in self-reported walking between conditions suggests that feedback on daily step counts from a pedometer does not encourage participants to increase their walking.

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ID Code: 13936
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: randomized trial, measurement, walking, mailed materials
ISSN: 1543-5476
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified (111799)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Human Kinetics
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 01 Jul 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:38

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