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Efficiency, technology and productivity change in Australian universities, 1998–2003

Worthington, Andrew C. & Lee, Boon L. (2008) Efficiency, technology and productivity change in Australian universities, 1998–2003. Economics of Education Review, 27(3), pp. 285-298.

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Abstract

In this study, productivity growth in 35 Australian universities is investigated using non-parametric frontier techniques over the period 1998–2003. The five inputs included in the analysis are full-time equivalent academic and non-academic staff, non-labour expenditure and undergraduate and postgraduate student load while the six outputs are undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. completions, national competitive and industry grants and publications. Using Malmquist indices, productivity growth is decomposed into technical efficiency and technological change. The results indicate that annual productivity growth averaged 3.3% across all universities, with a range from -1.8% to 13.0%, and was largely attributable to technological progress. However, separate analyses of research-only and teaching-only productivity indicate that most of this gain was attributable to improvements in research-only productivity associated with pure technical and some scale efficiency improvements. While teaching-only productivity also contributed, the largest source of gain in that instance was technological progress offset by a slight fall in technical efficiency.

Impact and interest:

34 citations in Scopus
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18 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 14263
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Keywords: Productivity, Technical and scale efficiency, Technological progress, Malmquist indices, Universities
DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2006.09.012
ISSN: 0272-7757
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Applied Economics not elsewhere classified (140299)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Elsevier
Deposited On: 04 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:34

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