A spectroscopic study of mechanochemically activated kaolinite with the aid of chemometrics
Frost, Ray L., Carmody, Onuma, Kristof, Janos, Kokot, Serge, Kloprogge, J. Theo, & Mako, Eva (2005) A spectroscopic study of mechanochemically activated kaolinite with the aid of chemometrics. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 287(1), pp. 43-56.
The study of kaolinite surfaces is of industrial importance. In this work we report the application of chemometrics to the study of modified kaolinite surfaces. DRIFT spectra of mechanochemically activated kaolinites (Kiralhegy, Zettlitz, Szegi and Birdwood) were analysed using, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods, PROMETHEE and GAIA. The clear discrimination of the Kiralhegy spectral objects on the two PC scores plots (400-800 and 800-2030 cm-1) indicated the dominance of quartz. Importantly, no ordering of any spectral objects appeared to be related to grinding time in the PC plots of these spectral regions. Thus, neither the kaolinite nor the quartz, are systematically responsive to grinding time according to the spectral criteria investigated. The third spectral region (2600-3800 cm-1 – OH vibrations), showed apparent systematic ordering of the Kiralhegy and, to a lesser extent, Zettlitz spectral objects with grinding time. This was attributed to the effect of the natural quartz on the delamination of kaolinite and the accompanying phenomena (i.e. formation of kaolinite spheres and water). With the MCDM methods, it was shown that useful information on the basis of chemical composition, physical properties and grinding time can be obtained. For example, the effects of the minor chemical components (e.g. MgO, K2O etc) indicated that the Birdwood kaolinite is arguably the most pure one analysed. In another MCDM experiment, some support was obtained for the apparent trend with grinding time noted in the PC plot of the OH spectral region.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||kaolinite surfaces, nanochemistry, nanoscience, surfcae modification, chemometrics, PCA, PROMETHEE and GAIA, DRIFT|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||07 Jun 2005|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:15|
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