The relationship between alcohol expectancies and drinking restraint in treatment seeking alcohol dependent patients

Connor, Jason P., Gudgeon, Elea T., Young, Ross McD., & Saunders, John B. (2007) The relationship between alcohol expectancies and drinking restraint in treatment seeking alcohol dependent patients. Addictive Behaviors, 32(7), pp. 1461-1469.

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The allied psychological drinking constructs of alcohol expectancy and drinking restraint have shown considerable promise, both independently and in combination, in understanding problematic drinking. However, previous research examining the relationship between these two constructs has only occurred in pre-dependent, convenience samples. This study examined the role of both alcohol expectancies and drinking restraint in an alcohol dependent sample. 143 DSM-IV alcohol dependent participants (93 males, 50 females) completed measures of drinking restraint (Temptation and Restraint Inventory, TRI) and alcohol expectancy (Drinking Expectancy Profile, DEP), along with quantity and frequency of consumption and dependence severity (Alcohol Dependence Scale, ADS). The results showed that although alcohol expectancy and drinking restraint do share common underlying properties, there was unique variance attributed to the prediction of dependence severity and consumption. The results also failed to replicate the drinking restraint model observed in non-clinical samples. It was concluded that alcohol expectancy and drinking restraint models appear to show superior utility in pre-dependent populations. The implications of these findings in refining social cognitive models of alcohol misuse are discussed, with a particular focus on prevention.

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14 citations in Scopus
13 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 14937
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Alcohol expectancies, Drinking restraint, Self, efficacy, Dependence
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.11.001
ISSN: 0306-4603
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 23 Sep 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:38

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