Psychological Factors and Treatment Adherence Behavior in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Schweitzer, Robert, Head, Kathryn B., & Dwyer, Jonathan (2007) Psychological Factors and Treatment Adherence Behavior in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 22(1), pp. 76-83.
Background: Chronic heart failure adversely affects 300,000 Australians. Symptom stabilization and prognosis are partially determined by patients following medical and lifestyle recommendations.
Methods: To test the hypothesis that depression, anxiety, and self-efficacy are independent predictors of such adherence, 115 predominately male (70.6%) volunteers with a mean age of 63 years were recruited from a major teaching hospital in Australia.
Results: Depression (Beck Depression Inventory score >10, 33.3%) failed to predict adherence. Trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40, 31%) explained minimal variability regarding smoking and alcohol adherence. Self-efficacy strongly predicted adherence behavior.
Conclusions: Findings will assist cardiac nurses to prepare strategies to optimize adherence and quality of life while minimizing public health costs.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Copyright Statement:||This is the author-version of the work. The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 22(1):pp. 76-83, 2007 © < Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.|
|Deposited On:||02 Oct 2008 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:26|
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