Relating bus dwell time and platform crowding at a busway station

Jaiswal, Sumeet, Bunker, Jonathan M., & Ferreira, Luis (2008) Relating bus dwell time and platform crowding at a busway station. In 31st Australasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), 2 - 3 October, 2008, Gold Coast, Australia.


Bus dwell time is traditionally modelled as a function of the number of alighting and boarding passengers plus an amount of time for door opening and closing. Such an approach can be used to estimate bus dwell time at an on street bus stop. However, it could be less accurate for a busway station, where more than one loading area is available, due to the phenomenon of crowding on the platform.

This paper discusses an approach to understand platform crowding and its effects on bus dwell times by way of a pilot study. Video footage using digital cameras was captured and later analysed in the laboratory in two phases. In the first phase, the bus-side data (dwell time, service time per passenger, etc) was extracted. In second phase, passenger-side data (reaction time to bus, walking time, crowd density, etc) was extracted.

Based on the analysis, it is concluded that the activities performed by passengers and buses can be grouped into two distinct classes – passenger-bus interface and passenger-bus interaction. The variation in duration of passenger-bus interface with respect to the platform crowding is addressed. Particular behaviour of the passengers waiting on the platform is also considered.

Impact and interest:

6 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 15023
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: busway, platform capacity, platform crowding, dwell time
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Transport Engineering (090507)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 (please consult author)
Deposited On: 06 Oct 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:42

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