Identification of mixite minerals – an SEM and Raman spectroscopic analysis

Frost, Ray L., Weier, Matt L., Martens, Wayde N., & Duong, Loc V. (2005) Identification of mixite minerals – an SEM and Raman spectroscopic analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 69(2), pp. 169-177.


View at publisher


Two mixites from Boss Tweed Mine, Tintic District, Juab Vounty, Utah and Tin Stope, Majuba Hill, Pershing Co., Nevada have been analysed by SEM with EDX analysis and by Raman spectroscopy. The SEM images show the mixite crystals to be elongated fibres up to 200 μm in length and 2 μm in width. Detailed images of the mixite crystals show the mineral to be composed of bundles of fibres The EDX analyses depend on the crystal studied, however the Majuba mixite gave analyses which matched the formula BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6.3H2O). Raman bands observed in the region 880 to 910 cm-1 and in the 867 to 870 cm-1 region are assigned to the AsO stretching vibrations of (HAsO4)2- and (H2AsO4)- units. Whilst bands at 803 and 833 cm-1 are assigned to the stretching vibrations of uncomplexed (AsO4)3- units. Intense bands are observed at 473.7 and 475.4 cm-1 are assigned to the ν4 bending mode of AsO4 units. Bands observed at 386.5, 395.3 and 423.1 cm-1 are assigned to the ν2 bending modes of the HAsO4 (434 and 400 cm-1) and the AsO4 groups (324 cm-1). Raman spectroscopy lends itself to the identification of minerals on host matrices and is especially useful for the identification of mixites.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
10 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

903 since deposited on 08 Jun 2005
6 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 1543
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: agardite, analytical detection, mixite, petersite, identification, Raman spectroscopy, SEM, nanochemistry, nanoscience
DOI: 10.1180/0026461056920244
ISSN: 0026-461X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Mineralogical Society
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 08 Jun 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:17

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page