Malnutrition prevalence and nutrition issues in residential aged care facilities

Gaskill, Deanne, Black, Lucinda J., Isenring, Elisabeth A., Hassall, Stacey L., Sanders, Fran, & Bauer, Judith D. (2008) Malnutrition prevalence and nutrition issues in residential aged care facilities. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 27(4), pp. 189-194.


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition and investigate nutritional issues in a sample of older people living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Method: This study forms the descriptive component of a pretest post-test designed study conducted in eight RACFs. The Subjective Global Assesment tool was used to determine the prevalence of malnturiton in 350 residents. Results: Nearly 70% of residents were women and 79.4% of all residents were classifed as high care. Half the residents were well nourished (50.5%) with 43.1% moderately malnourished and 6.4% severely malnourished. Prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher for residents receiving higher level care (odds ratio (OR)= 2.9 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.7-5.2; P < 0.001)) and older than 90 years(OR = 3.0 (95% CI: 1.8-5.1; P < 0.001)). Of the residents considered to be malnourished, very few (17.8%) had been seen by a dietitian in the past 6 months or were receiving commercial supplements (29.2%). Conclusions: There is a need for systematic, coordinated and multidisciplinary approaches to nutritional care for older people in residential care.

Impact and interest:

39 citations in Scopus
34 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 15477
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: frail elderly, geriatric nursing, malnutrition, nursing home, nutritional status
ISSN: 1741-6612
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified (111199)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Aged Care Nursing (111001)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Blackwell Publishing
Deposited On: 06 Nov 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:49

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