Enhanced performance of caustic soda used for the removal of scale in sugar mill evaporators
Doherty, William O.S., Simpson, R. F., & Rackemann, Darryn W. (2008) Enhanced performance of caustic soda used for the removal of scale in sugar mill evaporators. International Sugar Journal, 110, pp. 344-349.
Caustic soda is the most widely used chemical for cleaning sugar mill evaporators in Australia. It is partially effective in removing silica, silicates, proteins, polysaccharides and organic matter, but is ineffective when the major components of scale consist of calcium phosphate, calcium oxalate, calcium magnesium aconitate, calcium sulphate, calcium carbonate and potassium calcium sulphate. In such situations, sulphamic acid is typically used. Some mills have found these normal procedures unsatisfactory and have used alternative but expensive cleaning methods, which have proved effective. However, these mills still use caustic soda and sulphamic acid in combination with the alternative methods to clean evaporators resulting in a time consuming and laborious process. This paper describes the effect of caustic soda solution in the presence of additives to solubilise different scale types. The paper also describes attempts to identify foam components in scale and provides results on the efficacy of defoamers.
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Scale, Chemical cleaning, Caustic soda, Foaming component, Evaporator, Wetting agent, Defoamer|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Physical Chemistry not elsewhere classified (030699)
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2008 William O.S. Doherty, R. F. Simpson and Darryn Rackemann|
|Deposited On:||07 Nov 2008|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 23:06|
Repository Staff Only: item control page