Measurement of crystal size spread through the high grade pan stage for an Indonesian and an Australian factory

Iswanto, Nur, White, Edward T., Hardin, Matt T., & Broadfoot, Ross (2007) Measurement of crystal size spread through the high grade pan stage for an Indonesian and an Australian factory. In Bruce, R. C. (Ed.) 29th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 8-11 May 2007, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.


Growth rate dispersion (GRD) has long been observed in industrial sugar vacuum pan operation and is a principal cause in broadening crystal size distributions. This is the phenomenon where seeds with an initially narrow size distribution spread their size distribution because each sugar crystal grows at a different rate. These rate differences are maintained as crystals grow towards shipment size. There is a special case of GRD termed common history (CH) crystals, where the crystal size is proportional to its relative growth rate. As CH crystals grow, the shape of the size distribution on a log size scale is unchanged. Also dimensionless measures of spread, such as the coefficient of variation (CV), are constant. The CV of material in the high grade pan stage in Gunung Madu Plantation sugar factory, Indonesia, which produces plantation white sugar, has been measured. The seed materials were prepared in high grade graining, without washing, using the dissolved intermediate products (B sugar and C sugar). A similar measurement also has been carried out at the Broadwater sugar mill that adopts the classical three massecuite boiling formula, in which C sugar is prepared into magma and serves as footing material for A and B strikes. Shipment sugar is made from the mixture of A sugar and B sugar. The results showed that high grade sugars behave as common history crystals. Within the accuracy of sampling and sizing, the crystal size distributions as the crystals grow appeared to be of identical shape on a log size basis, demonstrating the size distribution reflects the growth rate distribution. This occurred in graining as well as in growth pans. Furthermore, the coefficient of variation values remained constant throughout the boiling process. [This article is also published, with summaries in Spanish and German, in International Sugar Journal (2007) 109 (1308), pp. 727...738].

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
2 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 15586
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Self-archiving of the author-version is not yet supported by this publisher.
For more information, please refer to the publisher's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 0726-0822
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (090400) > Chemical Engineering not elsewhere classified (090499)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Heat and Mass Transfer Operations (091505)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (090400) > Process Control and Simulation (090407)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT)
Deposited On: 12 Nov 2008 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:31

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page