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Sleep and driving in young adults

Smith, Simon S. & Trinder, John (2001) Sleep and driving in young adults. Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB), Canberra.

Abstract

Sleepiness is a significant contributor to car crashes and sleepiness related crashes have higher mortality and morbidity than other crashes. Young adult drivers are at particular risk for sleepiness related car crashes. It has been suggested that this is because young adults are typically sleepier than older adults because of chronic sleep loss, and more often drive at times of increased risk of acute sleepiness. This project aimed to determine the relationship between sleep and driving patterns in young adult drivers. Three estimates of the risk of driving while sleepy were calculated from the data: 1) a model incorporating known circadian and sleep factors influencing sleepiness, 2) time-of-day accident statistics; and 3) self-reported sleepiness. Attitudes and behaviours toward driving and sleep were also assessed. Results from each model suggested that young drivers frequently drive while at risk of crashing, at times of predicted sleepiness and at times they felt themselves to be sleepy. The results of this study will help preventative programs to specifically target factors leading to increased sleepiness when driving.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 15614
Item Type: Book
Additional Information: This publication can be freely accessed online via the publisher's web page (see hypertext link).
Additional URLs:
Keywords: sleepiness, fatigue, young drivers, crash, risk exposure, driving, young adults, attitudes, behaviour
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Preventive Medicine (111716)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB)
Deposited On: 13 Nov 2008
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2009 13:34

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