A correspondence framework for surface matching algorithms

Planitz, Birgit (2004) A correspondence framework for surface matching algorithms. PhD by Creative Works, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

Computer vision tasks such as three dimensional (3D) registration, 3D modelling, and 3D object recognition are becoming more and more useful in industry, and have application such as reverse CAD engineering, and robot navigation. Each of these applications use correspondence algorithms as part of their processes. Correspondence algorithms are required to compute accurate mappings between artificial surfaces that represent actual objects or scenes. In industry, inaccurate correspondence is related to factors such as expenses in time and labour, and also safety. Therefore, it is essential to select an appropriate correspondence algorithm for a given surface matching task. However, current research in the area of surface correspondence is hampered by an abundance of applications specific algorithms, and no uniform terminology of consistent model for selecting and/or comparing algorithms.

This dissertation presents a correspondence framework for surface matching algorithms. The framework is a conceptual model that is implementable. It is designed to assist in the analysis, comparison, development, and implementation of correspondence algorithms, which are essential tasks when selecting or creating an algorithm for a particular application.

The primary contribution of the thesis is the correspondence framework presented as a conceptual model for surface matching algorithms. The model provides a systematic method for analysing, comparing, and developing algorithms. The dissertation demonstrates that by dividing correspondence computation into five stages: region definition, feature extraction, feature representation, local matching, and global matching, the task becomes smaller and more manageable. It also shows that the same stages of different algorithms are directly comparable. Furthermore, novel algorithms can be created by simply connecting compatible stages of different algorithms. Finally, new ideas can be synthesised by creating only the stages to be tested, without developing a while new correspondence algorithm.

The secondary contribution that is outlined is the correspondence framework presented as a software design tool for surface matching algorithms. The framework is shown to reduce the complexity of implementing existing algorithms within the framework. This is done by encoding algorithms in a stage-wise procedure, whereby an algorithm is separated into the five stages of the framework. The software design tool is shown to validate the integrity of restructuring existing algorithms within it, and also provide an efficient basis for creating new algorithms.

The third contribution that is made is the specification of a quality metric for algorithms comparison. The metric is used to assess the accuracy of the outcomes of a number of correspondence algorithms, which are used to match a wide variety of input surface pairs. The metric is used to demonstrate that each algorithm is application specific, and highlight the types of surfaces that can be matched by each algorithm. Thus, it is shown that algorithms that are implemented within the framework can be selected for particular surface correspondence tasks.

The final contribution made is this dissertation is the expansion of the correspondence framework beyond the surface matching domain. The correspondence framework is maintained in its original form, and is used for image matching algorithms. Existing algorithms from three image matching applications are implemented and modified using the framework. It is shown how the framework provides a consistent means and uniform terminology for developing both surface and image matching algorithms.

In summary, this thesis presents a correspondence framework for surface matching algorithms. The framework is general, encompassing a comprehensive set of algorithms, and flexible, expanding beyond surface matching to major image matching applications.

Impact and interest:

31 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 16001
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD by Creative Works)
Supervisor: Maeder, Anthony, Campbell, Duncan, Beghdadi, Azedine, & Williams, John
Keywords: Correspondence, surface matching, surface registration, three dimensional modelling, three dimensional object recognition
Department: Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Brigit Maria Planitz
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 03:54
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2011 19:41

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