Investigation of radiation sensitive normoxic polymer gels for radiotherapy dosimetry

Venning, Anthony James (2006) Investigation of radiation sensitive normoxic polymer gels for radiotherapy dosimetry. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


The overall objective of this study was to develop and characterise new normoxic polymer gel formulations for evaluation of complex 3-D treatment volumes for application in radiotherapy dosimetry. Throughout this thesis, the essential characteristics of normoxic polymer gels have been extensively investigated. Studies were performed on the chemical components of the MAGIC gel and an improved formulation was proposed. Various anti-oxidants were studied and different versions of the MAGIC gel with fewer chemicals were developed and named MAGAS and MAGAT gel dosimeters. The ascorbic acid anti-oxidant was found to have a slow oxygen scavenging rate and therefore a delay period between manufacture and irradiation of the MAGAS gel was necessary before the gel became radiation sensitive. Vacuum pumping on the MAGAS gel solution to remove dissolved oxygen was shown to initially increase the R2-dose response and sensitivity of the dosimeter, reducing the time between manufacture and irradiation. Studies of the MAGAS gel for measurement of depth dose showed that MAGAS gel has potential as a clinical radiotherapy dosimetry tool. The radiological properties of MAGIC, MAGAS and MAGAT gels were investigated. Due to their high gelatine and monomer concentration, differences with water were observed for the cross-section ratios for attenuation, energy absorption and collision stopping power coefficient ratios through the therapeutic energy range. It was determined that when using and developing normoxic polymer gels the most important consideration for radiological water equivalence are the mass and relative electron densities. A preliminary study was performed with the hypoxic PAG gel dosimeter combined with tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium chloride anti-oxidant to form a normoxic PAG gel dosimeter named PAGAT gel. It was found PAGAT gel compared favourably with previous studies of the hypoxic PAG gel. An extensive study was subsequently undertaken in which PAGAT gel was investigated for a number of essential characteristics. The PAGAT gel formulation showed potential as a normoxic polymer gel for clinical radiotherapy dosimetry, which has a significantly reduced manufacturing time and procedure compared with the hypoxic PAG gel dosimeter. The radiological attenuation properties of the PAGAT and MAGAT gels were investigated as a feasibility study for using x-ray computerised tomography (CT) as an evaluation technique of normoxic polymer gels. CT was shown to have potential as an evaluation tool for measuring the dose response of normoxic polymer gel dosimeters. An investigation was performed on the CT diagnostic dose response of normoxic polymer gels. Normoxic polymer gels were found to have potential for use as a specialised tool in measuring computerised tomography dose index (CTDI) for acceptance testing and quality assurance of CT scanners in diagnostic radiology. These findings provide a significant contribution toward the development and successful implementation of normoxic polymer gel dosimetry to clinical radiotherapy.

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ID Code: 16257
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Baldock, Clive & Pope, James
Keywords: Polymer gel dosimetry, normoxic, radiotherapy, MAGIC, MAGAS, MAGAT, PAGAT, MRI, x-ray CT, anti-oxidant, Monte Carlo, R2-dose response, sensitivity, stability
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Department: Faculty of Science
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Anthony James Venning
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 03:59
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2011 19:45

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