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'Eor China's benefit' : the evolution and devolution of German influence on Chinese military affairs, 1919 - 1938

Berleb, Stefan (2006) 'Eor China's benefit' : the evolution and devolution of German influence on Chinese military affairs, 1919 - 1938. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

In the years between 1919 and 1938, Germany and China, two nations each plagued in its own way by the foreign political fall-out of World War I, by internal unrest and by the disastrous global economic situation of the inter-war era, established extraordinarily close military and military economic ties. German military advisers helped in the organisation and training of the troops of several Chinese warlords and, after the re-establishment of the Chinese Republic under Chiang Kaishek, of the Nationalist government's armed forces. At the same time, German arms manufacturers and German trading companies delivered weapons and other war materials to arm and equip China's soldiers, who fought first against each other and later against Mao Zedong's Communist guerillas and Japanese invaders. Still, despite outward appearances, any kind of German military support for China was never official. Successive Weimar German governments tried everything in their power to stop the widely-condemned Sino-German military cooperation, while Adolf Hitler's National Socialists only tolerated it for as long as it did not interfere with their long-term political agenda. In the end, however, the German influence on Chinese military affairs was only minimal. German military advisers and German arms shipments, contrary to repeated world-wide accusations throughout the years, were too few in number and too small in amount to have any real impact on war-ravaged China. The breakdown of Sino-German relations due to National Socialist Germany's alliance with Japan and the Sino-Japanese War eradicated every trace China's informal military supporters had left behind after their withdrawal in 1938.

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ID Code: 16298
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Trocki, Carl& Ainsworth, John
Keywords: China, Germany, Chinese Military, war
Divisions: ?? School of Humanities and Human Services ??
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > QUT Carseldine - Humanities & Human Services
Department: QUT Carseldine
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Stefan Berleb
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 14:00
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2011 05:45

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