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The impact of expert testimony on jurors' decisions: The role of gender of the expert

Schuller, Regina A., Terry, Deborah J., & McKimmie, Blake M. (2001) The impact of expert testimony on jurors' decisions: The role of gender of the expert. Law and Psychology Review, 25, pp. 59-79.

Abstract

Using a simulated civil trial, the present experiment was designed to examine the potential role played by the gender of an expert witness on jurors’ decisions in both gender congruent and gender incongruent domains. Specifically, the gender of a plaintiff's expert, as well as the domain of the case (gender congruent or gender incongruent), were systematically varied within a civil trial involving an antitrust price-fixing agreement. It was expected that the male expert would be more persuasive in the male congruent case (i.e., construction industry), whereas the female expert would be more persuasive in the female congruent case (i.e., women’s clothing industry). As predicted, this interaction was revealed across a range of the dependent measures, but the differential advantage of the gender congruency of the expert was primarily confined to the male congruent case. That is, participants rendered more favorable decisions for the plaintiff in the male congruent case when the expert was male, as opposed to female.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 1638
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: expert testimony, expert witnesses, stereotypes, schemas, gender, jurors
ISSN: 0098-5961
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000) > LAW (180100) > Law not elsewhere classified (180199)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 University of Alabama School of Law
Deposited On: 28 Jun 2005
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 03:49

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