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Improved acetabular cementing techniques

Smith, Bjorn Nicholas (2007) Improved acetabular cementing techniques. Masters by Research thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

The most common cause for revision total hip replacement surgey is aseptic loosening of the acetabular component. This thesis explores the effect of three techniques to improve the depth and quality of cemented acetabular component fixation in primary total hip replacement. This may have beneficial effects on the longevity of cemented acetabular components and reduce the rate of revision surgery for aseptic loosening.

Aims: 1. Determine the effect of the rim cutter on cement pressure during cup insertion. 2. Examine the effect of the rim cutter on cement penetration distance. 3. Evaluate the effect of bone grafting of the acetabular notch. 4. Determine the effect of iliac suction during cement pressurisation. 5. Compare the behaviour of bone cement with Play Dough.

Materials and Methods: 1. Sawbones hemi pelvis models were fitted with pressure transducers at the rim and apex of the acetabulum. Peak pressure was measured upon insertion of cups with different flange sizes and when the acetabulum was prepared with the rim cutter. 2. Foam cavities were used to measure the depth of cement penetration when the same cups and rim cutter were used. 3. Hemi pelvis models were modified to simulate bone grafting of the acetabular notch. Again, pressure sensors were mounted at the apex and rim of the acetabulum. Intra-acetabular cement pressure was compared with native acetabulae. 4. A back bleeding model of the acetabulum was fitted with a suction catheter. The effect on cement penetration into cancellous bone was measured compared with no suction. 5. Play Dough pressurisation and penetration into hemi pelvises and foam was compared to bone cement.

Results: 1. Significant increase in peak apex and rim pressures when flanged cup inserted into an acetabulum prepared with the rim cutter compared with both flanged and unflanged cups alone. 2. Significant increase in cement penetration at the rim of the acetabulum when rim cutter used and flanged cup inserted when compared with flanged and unflanged cups alone. 3. Significant increase in intra-acetabular pressure when cement pressurised in presence of simulated acetabular notch bone grafting compared with normal acetabulae. 4. Significant increase in cement penetration distance when suction used compared with no suction. 5. Significant differences in the flow characteristics between bone cement and Play Dough.

Conclusion: The authors recommend preparation of the acetabular rim with the rim cutter and bone grafting of the acetabular notch to improve the depth and uniformity of the cement mantle in cemented primary THA. Play Dough at room temperature is not a suitable substitute for bone cement in in-vitro cementing studies.

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ID Code: 16560
Item Type: QUT Thesis (Masters by Research)
Supervisor: Crawford, Ross, Lee, Clive, & Timperley, John
Keywords: hip, acetabulum, cement, flanged, cup, rim cutter, suction, pressurisation, bone graft, acetabular notch, arthroplasty, penetration, play dough
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Department: Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Bjorn Nicholas Smith
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 14:06
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2011 05:49

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