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Investigation into the proteolytic activity in chronic wound fluid and development of a remediation strategy

Rayment, Erin Alexis (2007) Investigation into the proteolytic activity in chronic wound fluid and development of a remediation strategy. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

Chronic ulcers are an important and costly medical issue, causing their sufferers a large amount of pain, immobility and decreased quality of life. The common pathology in these chronic wounds is often characterised by excessive proteolytic activity, leading to the degradation of both the extracellular matrix, as well as key factors critical to the ulcer's ability to heal. As matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a large family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases, have been shown to have increased activity in chronic wound fluid (CWF), it was hypothesised that this specific proteolytic activity was directly related to an ulcer's chronic nature. Although previous studies have identified elevated proteases in CWF, many have reported contradictory results and therefore the precise levels and species of MMPs in CWF are poorly understood. The studies reported herein demonstrate that MMP activity is significantly elevated in CWF compared with acute wound fluid (AWF). In particular, these studies demonstrate that this proteolytic activity can be specifically attributed to MMPs and not another class of proteases present in wound healing. Furthermore, it is shown that MMP-9 is the predominant protease responsible for matrix degradation by CWF and is an indicator of the clinical status of the wound itself. Moreover, MMP-9 can be inhibited with the bisphosphonate alendronate, in the form of a sodium salt, a functionalised analogue, and also tethered to a synthetic biocompatible hydrogel compromised of aqueous poly (2-hydroxy methacrylate) PHEMA synthesised in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Together, these results highlight the potential use of a tethered MMP inhibitor as an improved ulcer treatment to inhibit protease activity in the wound fluid, while still allowing MMPs to remain active in the wound bed where they perform vital roles in the activation of growth-promoting agents and immune system regulation.

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ID Code: 16564
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Upton, Zee& George, Graeme
Keywords: wound healing, chronic ulcer, hydrogel, matrix metalloproteinase, gelatinase, zymography, protease inhibition, wound dressing, biomaterials, tissue engineering
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Life Sciences
Department: Faculty of Science
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Erin Alexis Rayment
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 14:06
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2011 05:49

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