Response of concrete pavements under moving vehicular loads and environmental effects

Darestani, Mostafa Yousefi (2007) Response of concrete pavements under moving vehicular loads and environmental effects. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


The need for modern transportation systems together with the high demand for sustainable pavements under applied loads have led to a great deal of research on concrete pavements worldwide. Development of finite element techniques enabled researchers to analyse the concrete pavement under a combination of axle group loadings and environmental effects. Consequently, mechanistic approaches for designing of concrete pavements were developed based on results of finite element analyses. However, unpredictable failure modes of concrete pavements associated with expensive maintenance and rehabilitation costs have led to the use of empiricalmechanistic approach in concrete pavement design. Despite progressive knowledge of concrete pavement behaviour under applied loads, concrete pavements still suffer from deterioration due to crack initiation and propagation, indicating the need for further research. Cracks can be related to fatigue of the concrete and/or erosion of materials in sub-layers. Although longitudinal, midedge and corner cracks are the most common damage modes in concrete pavements, Austroads method for concrete pavement design was developed based on traditional mid-edge bottom-up transverse cracking introduced by Packard and Tayabji (1985). Research presented in this thesis aims to address the most common fatigue related distresses in concrete pavements. It uses comprehensive finite element models and analyses to determine the structural behaviour of concrete pavements under vehicular loads and environmental effects. Results of this research are supported by laboratory tests and an experimental field test. Results of this research indicate that the induced tensile stresses within the concrete pavement are significantly affected by vehicle speed, differential temperature gradient and loss of moisture content. Subsequently, the interaction between the above mentioned factors and concrete damage modes are discussed. Typical dynamic amplifications of different axle groups are presented. A new fatigue test setup is also developed to take into consideration effects of pavement curvature on fatigue life of the concrete. Ultimately, results of the research presented in this thesis are employed to develop a new guide for designing concrete pavements with zero maintenance of fatigue damage.

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ID Code: 16662
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: dynamic analysis, dynamic amplification, finite element analysis, finite element model, static analysis, axle group loads, critical axle group configuration, critical position of axle groups, tyre pavement interaction, stress distribution, fatigue failure, concrete pavement distresses, corner cracking, longitudinal cracking, transverse cracking, top-down cracking, bottom-up cracking, boundary conditions, debonding layer, temperature effects, loss of moisture contents, shrinkage effects, curling induced stress, warping stress, pavement curvature, field test, laboratory text, experimental study, truck load, JPCP, JRCP, CRCP, SAST, SADT, TAST, TADT, TRDT, QADT
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Department: Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Mostafa Yousefi Darestani
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 04:07
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2011 13:53

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