Robust adaptive control of rigid spacecraft attitude maneuvers

Dando, Aaron John (2008) Robust adaptive control of rigid spacecraft attitude maneuvers. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

In this thesis novel feedback attitude control algorithms and attitude estimation algorithms are developed for a three-axis stabilised spacecraft attitude control system. The spacecraft models considered include a rigid-body spacecraft equipped with (i) external control torque devices, and (ii) a redundant reaction wheel configuration. The attitude sensor suite comprises a three-axis magnetometer and three-axis rate gyroscope assembly. The quaternion parameters (also called Euler symmetric parameters), which globally avoid singularities but are subject to a unity-norm constraint, are selected as the primary attitude coordinates. There are four novel contributions presented in this thesis. The first novel contribution is the development of a robust control strategy for spacecraft attitude tracking maneuvers, in the presence of dynamic model uncertainty in the spacecraft inertia matrix, actuator magnitude constraints, bounded persistent external disturbances, and state estimation error. The novel component of this algorithm is the incorporation of state estimation error into the stability analysis. The proposed control law contains a parameter which is dynamically adjusted to ensure global asymptotic stability of the overall closedloop system, in the presence of these specific system non-idealities. A stability proof is presented which is based on Lyapunov's direct method, in conjunction with Barbalat's lemma. The control design approach also ensures minimum angular path maneuvers, since the attitude quaternion parameters are not unique. The second novel contribution is the development of a robust direct adaptive control strategy for spacecraft attitude tracking maneuvers, in the presence of dynamic model uncertainty in the spacecraft inertia matrix. The novel aspect of this algorithm is the incorporation of a composite parameter update strategy, which ensures global exponential convergence of the closed-loop system. A stability proof is presented which is based on Lyapunov's direct method, in conjunction with Barbalat's lemma. The exponential convergence results provided by this control strategy require persistently exciting reference trajectory commands. The control design approach also ensures minimum angular path maneuvers. The third novel contribution is the development of an optimal control strategy for spacecraft attitude maneuvers, based on a rigid body spacecraft model including a redundant reaction wheel assembly. The novel component of this strategy is the proposal of a performance index which represents the total electrical energy consumed by the reaction wheel over the maneuver interval. Pontraygin's minimum principle is applied to formulate the necessary conditions for optimality, in which the control torques are subject to timevarying magnitude constraints. The presence of singular sub-arcs in the statespace and their associated singular controls are investigated using Kelley's necessary condition. The two-point boundary-value problem (TPBVP) is formulated using Pontrayagin's minimum principle. The fourth novel contribution is an attitude estimation algorithm which estimates the spacecraft attitude parameters and sensor bias parameters from three-axis magnetometer and three-axis rate gyroscope measurement data. The novel aspect of this algorithm is the assumption that the state filtering probability density function (PDF) is Gaussian distributed. This Gaussian PDF assumption is also applied to the magnetometer measurement model. Propagation of the filtering PDF between sensor measurements is performed using the Fokker-Planck equation, and Bayes theorem incorporates measurement update information. The use of direction cosine matrix elements as the attitude coordinates avoids any singularity issues associated with the measurement update and estimation error covariance representation.

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ID Code: 16695
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: O'Shea, Peter & Ford, Jason
Keywords: spacecraft attitude control system, spacecraft attitude manevers, spacecraft attitude estimation, Lyapunov stability theory, adaptive control theory, optimal control theory, state estimation theory
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Department: Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Aaron John Dando
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2008 04:08
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2011 19:51

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